Mastaba

   These large bunker shaped buildings were the first tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs. Most have crumbled into dust long ago since they were made from sun dried bricks. In 2630 BC a mastaba was made for the pharaoh Djoser by his vizier Imhotep, but this mastaba was different. It began as a normal mastaba, but was enlarged by stacking five mastabas on top. Each one was smaller than the one below, creating a step pyramid. When finished, it consisted of six terraces 60 meters (200 feet) high, and the entire structure was encased in smooth limestone. This was the first step toward the creation of the great pyramids of Egypt. See Pyramid.

The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology. 2014.

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  • MASTABA — Terme dérivé du mot arabe ma ルレab signifiant «banquette», mastaba désigne deux types de sépultures utilisés en Égypte: les grandes superstructures en briques crues, ornées de redans, érigées pendant les deux premières dynasties, d’une part, et… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mastaba — des Ptahchepses, 5. Dynastie Mastaba (arabisch ‏‏مصطبة‎, DMG maṣṭaba ‚Steinbank‘) ist ein nach dem ägyptisch arabischen Wort für Bank benannter Typ von Grabbauten der altäg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mastaba K2 — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mastaba K1 — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mastaba — MASTABÁ s.f. Mormânt egiptean în formă de trunchi de piramidă. [pl. le. / < fr. mastaba, cf. ar. mastaba – bancă]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 31.05.2005. Sursa: DN  MASTABÁ s. f. construcţie egipteană masivă, în formă de trunchi de piramidă,… …   Dicționar Român

  • mastaba — s. f. Túmulo egípcio, de forma trapezoidal.   ‣ Etimologia: francês mastaba, do árabe …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Mastaba — Mas ta*ba, n. Also Mastabah Mas ta*bah . [Ar. ma[,c]tabah a large stone bench.] 1. In Mohammedan countries, a fixed seat, common in dwellings and in public places. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 2. (Egyptology) A type of tomb, of the time of the Memphite… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mastaba — (arab., »Bank«) nennt man die freistehenden altägyptischen Grabbauten, die von den Vornehmen, in ältester Zeit vor Errichtung der Pyramiden (s. d.) auch von den Königen angelegt wurden, und deren Reste sich namentlich auf dem großen Totenfelde… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mastaba — (arab.), Grabbauten im alten Ägypten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • mastaba — mastàba ž DEFINICIJA pov. staroegipatska grobnica (3. tisućljeće pr. Kr.) visokih državnih funkcionara, građena od opeke ili kamena u obliku četverostrane krnje piramide; grobnica ETIMOLOGIJA arap. maṣṭabah …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • mastaba — sustantivo femenino 1. Tumba antigua egipcia con forma de pirámide truncada de base rectangular …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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